Definition: Quadratic function-A function f is a quadratic
where a, b, and c are real numbers and a is not 0.
The graph is a parabola.
1. Symmetric about a line (line of symmetry is called the axis)
2. The maximum or minimum point on the curve is called the vertex
Standard curve: f(x)=x2
Graphs to be compared to the standard curve:
General Principles for Graphs for Quadratic Functions
1. The graph of the quadratic function defined by
where (h,k) are coordinates of the vertex.
2. The graph opens upward if a is positive and downward if a is negative.
3. The graph is wider than that of The graph is narrower than that of
Steps in graphing a parabola:
1. Find the vertex. Find the vertex either by using the formula or by completing the
2. Select two x coordinates to the left of the vertex and two corresponding points to
the right of the vertex.
3. Calculate the y coordinates.
4. Plot the points.
Graph the following by selecting at least five points.
1. Ruth Tynes has 40 yards of fence to enclose a rectangular garden. Find the
dimensions of the rectangle that will give maximum area.
2. A projectile on Earth is fired straight upward so that its distance (in feet) above
the ground t seconds after firing is given by
Find the maximum height it reaches and the number of
seconds it takes to reach